Cities will have to be decorated according to the rapidly increasing population 

Vijay Garg

India became the world's most populous country this year, overtaking China. Not surprisingly, India's population growth is posing significant challenges to its environmental sustainability, resource management and social development. The increasing population of cities without foresight or proper planning leads to land degradation, water scarcity, air pollution, waste management and great loss to biodiversity. Population growth, urbanization and environment are interrelated. effective Or sound urban planning is one that takes into account the social fabric and accommodates the needs of the growing population while minimizing its impact on the environment. This is the need of the hour. In today's times, when large population growth can cause environmental stress, it is important to consider the broader context of this problem. For example, the per capita resource consumption and carbon footprint of developed countries is much higher than that of India. India should already learn the virtue of low consumption, so that it does not consume indiscriminately like developed countries.c can be avoided. With its increasing population, India should not proceed on the path of excessive exploitation of resources. For a true and sustainable future in the world, the architecture of cities will have to adopt a two-pronged approach. The first approach is conservation, under which conservation of resources is necessary. This also includes reducing waste, repurposing and repurposing existing structures to help preserve the cultural identity of cities. Second, to collaborate with scientists and engineers.For example, cities need to collaborate with experts to develop new and more efficient construction technologies. India's population needs only 10 percent of the land area to settle and expand. Keeping this in mind, urban designers and architects can contribute to sustainable urban planning by designing sustainable, accessible and mixed-use structures. This will enable the development of public transport, pedestrian-friendly infrastructure and green spaces to reduce urban sprawl and promote efficient use of land.There is a need to give priority. Cities should focus on developing infrastructure, such as pedestrian and cycling, to promote non-motorized transportation in cities. Carbon emissions can be reduced. Our architects in the country already have a well-crafted agenda of sustainable design. This includes facilitating the movement of natural light and air in houses and buildings. It has now become necessary to construct such buildings, where energy consumption is low or energy is saved. Now buildings are renewableWill have to be adapted to energy sources. In a country like India, the use of mechanical air conditioning can be reduced by up to 85 percent. Architects can also play an important role in preserving and creating green spaces in urban areas. Parks, gardens and urban forests provide respite, helping to regulate temperatures and clean the air. In urban construction, greenery on rooftops and agriculture can also be included in the building plan. The development of such facilities will also help in reducing the increasing heat and pollution in cities.This can be curbed. In view of the increasing population, it is necessary to be economical. If saved, just one-third of India's rainfall could provide more than 2,000 liters of water per person per day. Now 'Engineers working for humanity' have become very relevant. Social by connecting all urban plans Organizations and citizens will also have to be taken along. 



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